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Diplomacy or politics from the map

Diplomacy or politics from the map

Nepal New Map 

In Nepal, in the era of monarchy, there used to be a dictator, 'Mukhe Kanoon Chh' which means that which has come out of the mouth is the law. On 28 May 2008, the monarchy was abolished and declared democracy in Nepal, but the rule did not change there. In an all-party meeting on Wednesday, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli stated that Nepal will also release the map. Five days after his statement, the Council of Ministers also released the political map of the new Nepal on Monday. What could not have been done in the last 26 years, Prime Minister Oli did in five days?
In this new political map, Indian areas adjoining Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh and Kalapani have also been described as part of Nepal. The new map also shows villages like Gunji, Nabhi and Kuti in the Nepali area. It is to be noted that the map released by Nepal in 1975 did not show 335 sq km area of   Limpiyadhura. From Tuesday 19 May 2020, it became part of the schedule of the Nepali Constitution, the government mark and its curriculum. The question is whether this new map will be accepted by the ICJ in the Hague or any judiciary in the world?

Nepal had no objection to the maps issued from time to time in British India from 1798 to 1947. Professor Lokraj Baral was the Ambassador of Nepal to New Delhi in 1996. In a conversation last week, he admitted that Nepal was dependent on the map of British India even at that time. The Indo-Nepal Joint Technical Committee has completed 98 years of graphing with 182 strip maps, taking a time of 26 years. Two per cent of this work has been left for many years. There is no seal of the Indian side on this. The new controversy began on November 2, 2019, when India republished the map regarding Kashmir-Ladakh. There was no change in the borders dividing the neighbouring countries, but Nepal was not ready to accept it despite the clarification of the Indian Foreign Ministry. He wanted to sort it out at the foreign secretary-level.
With the new Foreign Secretary Harshavardhan series taking charge on January 29, 2020, communicating with Nepal on this subject, it was not possible. By the time its next fortnight is ready, the corona epidemic had started. The question is that if the scriptwriting issue was so important to the Oli government, why was it not included in the Foreign Secretary-level meeting on March 28, 2019? In that meeting convened in Kathmandu, the then Indian Foreign Secretary Vijay Krishna Gokhale and his Nepalese counterpart Shankarlal Vairagi were agreeing on cross border railway, Motihari-Amlekhganj oil pipeline and Arun-3 hydropower project.

There are two or three things to keep in mind. Since the time of the war in 1962, India has deployed Indo-Tibetan Force here. Nepal has demanded several times to remove it. Quaid should show any such letter to Nepal, in which the then Government of India made any request for the deployment of the Indo-Tibetan Force on the Lipulek trisection. On September 29, 1954, before the Kalapani dispute arose in September 1961, India-China trade agreement was reached through Shipla-Lipulek Pass. From 1954 to 2015, China never considered that Nepal was either a party or a 'trisection' in the part of the script where it had to trade with India. In 2002, a Joint Technical Committee was also formed. In those days Nepal was trying to include China in it. The Chinese Foreign Ministry clarified in a press release on May 10, 2005, that Kalapani is a matter between India and Nepal, it has to resolve both of them.
Nepal does not even look carefully at the 1950 treaty. Article eight of the Indo-Nepal Treaty on 31 July 1950 clearly states that all agreements with British India before it should be considered void. This is such an important point, which kills the Nepali claims of Kalapani. The Oli government is embroiled in the Kalapani-Lipulek dispute. The ministers of the self-government do not know from when the road started to be inaugurated by Indian Defense Minister Rajnath Singh through video conference on May 8, 2020.

External Affairs Minister Pradeep Gyawali says, "I was aware of this media report that India had been building a road in Lipulek since 2012." It does not seem strange that the disputed area which remains the 'epicentre' of Nepal's politics, Were Olly and Gianwali ignorant of ground activities? Old tenders and documents indicate that the 75 km inaccessible road connecting Shipkila-Lipulek Pass was under construction since 2002. The project was to be completed in 2007 itself, which was to be reached in 2020.
Why is Prime Minister Oli pushing this entire matter towards national identity? In the all-party meeting, former Prime Minister and Janata Samajwadi Party leader Baburam Bhattarai did not just say that instead of creating a time of nationalism, the government should collect old documents and organize the chronology, only then it can take this fight to the international forum.

Circumstances are telling that PM Oli has deliberately poured petrol in the Lipulek dispute. Oli's decision to deploy the Nepali paramilitary force, the Amard Police Force (APF), at Chhangroo village in Kalapani. It was not even discussed in the all-party meeting held on Wednesday. Oli wants tensions on the border to increase so that the country's attention remains entangled there. After the budget proposal on May 29, 2020, Oli should not remain in office, it is difficult to say.

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