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Increasing awareness of patents in India

Awareness of patents in India

Awareness of patents in India

Generally, the news of scientific progress comes in the media headlines only when the country achieves a great achievement in the field of space or defence. No matter how important other types of advancement in science is, nowadays it is very difficult to make the topic of general discussion or if it is made very rarely, then it will not be an exaggeration. A recent example of this is the tweet by NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant, in which he expressed happiness over the increasing number of patents in India. In the current electoral environment, when every small major success and failure of the government is becoming an issue, this information neither became a news item in the newspapers, nor could it become a part of the social media debate.

If seen, the most accurate identification of the scientific progress of any country is patented including the field of space and defence. There are two important reasons for this - first, space and defence research are generally determined by the government. Secondly, the participation of common people in these areas is very limited. And this is not the first time, even before this, there have been many reports in which the increasing patent of India was told, but whatever the reason for this, the prominence that they need to bring to the public. , Was not brought as such.

Economic progress due to scientific progress

Scientific progress has always influenced the international and national scene. Historically, scientific development and industrial revolution in the West also played an important role in the emergence of colonialism. A key issue in the ongoing trade duel between the US and China is technology. The way the world is changing rapidly in the present, in the future, economic progress, strategic preparedness or social development of the country, everything will depend to a large extent on scientific progress. The fourth industrial revolution, which is in front of us to a large extent, will increase economic progress and dependence on scientific progress elsewhere. If any country wants to take full advantage of it, it will have to work for new innovations.

One and a half times increase in patent applications

The interest of people and government in science has also increased and an atmosphere has been created for patenting. The figures of CGPDTM i.e. 'Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion', Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, show that between April-December of the financial year 2018-19, the financial year 2017- Patent applications were 51 per cent more than 18. While 40,790 applications were received in the financial year 2017-18, the number has been 61,768 between April-December of the financial year 2018-19. Similarly, in the blockchain technology patent, India ranks sixth after China, USA, South Korea, Australia and Canada. Experts believe that blockchain technology is going to have an important place in the world in the coming times. There has also been a substantial increase in e-filing of patent and trademark applications. Where it was around 30 per cent in the year 2013-14, today it has increased to about 90 per cent.

India in the list of top 10 countries

The World Intellectual Property Organization is a specialized United Nations organization established in 1967 to keep track of patents worldwide. Its members are 191 countries of the world. This institution issues a report every year regarding patents. In the area of ​​several patents, India has been included in the list of top 10 countries in the world for the last several years. In December last year, the World Intellectual Property Organization released a 2017 report that revealed that in 2017, India's Patent Office granted 12,387 patents. In the year 2017, India ranked seventh in this case after China, United States of America, Japan, Republic of Korea, European Patent Office and Germany. The number of patients in 2017 is almost 50 per cent higher than the 8,248 in 2016 and more than double that of 6,022 patents in 2015. Artificial intelligence can play an important role in this case, which is an important part of the fourth industrial revolution. It is believed that India is emerging very fast in its patents.

Economic progress due to scientific progress

Outside companies patent

If we look more closely at the data of 2017, it is found that the majority of these patents are from individuals or institutions outside India. This year, while 1,712 patients were granted by people or companies here, the remaining 10,675 patients were granted by people or companies from outside. It is not that this has happened for the first time, but if we look at only two years before this, i.e. 2016 and 2015, then we get such an example. In 2015, Indian people or companies had granted 822 patents, while in the year 2016 only 1,115 patents were granted.

According to the World Intellectual Property The organization, an important reason for the huge increase in the number of India's patents are outside people or companies who have patented about 85 per cent. The report states that in the year 2017, about 1.4 million patents were granted all over the world. In 2017, a total of 46,582 applications were received, of which 14,961 were from people or companies in India. 31,621 applications were from outside people or companies. Out of the people or companies outside, 9,222 were from people or companies in the US alone. Of the 6,06,956 applications from the US, 10,309 were from India. The highest number of applications to India were of drug patents, which was around 15 per cent.

Another thing is clear from these figures that there is a growing awareness of patents among Indian people or companies. As far as the patent of foreign companies is concerned, two things are worth noting. The first is that these companies not only understand the benefits of patents, but one of the objectives is to further strengthen themselves here through patents in India. And second, that the patent in India is also important for multinationals, which also indicates that our country's patent law is strong and valid worldwide. The need is that we should also benefit from it.

National intellectual property rights

An important step in this link has been the National Intellectual Property Rights Policy in the year 2016. Since the introduction of this policy, the time taken to grant patents has reduced significantly. While it usually took 6.7 years to get a patent, this policy is working very effectively to reduce the time. In the year 2017-18, the disposal of patent applications has increased by about 58 per cent as compared to the previous financial year. In this policy, special emphasis has also been laid on bringing traditional knowledge of India into the mainstream. This policy emphasizes not only patents and intellectual property but also entrepreneurship so that more people will understand the benefits of patent and use it commercially. This will also inspire people to work in this field.

The boost from startup India

Some other schemes of the Government of India, such as Startup India and Make in India have also contributed significantly to promoting patents. Under the Startup India scheme, new enterprises are also given 80 per cent exemption in patent applications. The attention of the applicants has been attracted by the facility of the online patent application by the government. In the year 2017, startup companies submitted 909 applications, which was nearly 15 times more than the 61 applications submitted in 2016.

According to experts, extensive reforms in patent law have played an important role in increasing the number of applications. The patent also increases the market value of companies, which is very beneficial for them.

Today, India is being recognized as a young country and the next few decades are very important for India. If we improve our education, then the number of patents can be increased further. There are some other basic things as well, which if improved quickly, can lead to good results. The first of these is the need to strengthen the infrastructure to speed up the patent process. According to the Economic Survey in the year 2018, in the financial year 2016 -17, there were only 132 investigators to investigate patent applications across the country. Taking this matter seriously, the government reinstated more than 400 investigators in the year 2017. Given the growing economy of India, the patent offices need to be further improved, so that work can be started in the shortest time on receipt of patent applications. The second is the need to pay special attention to those states where patents are decreasing. Maharashtra gave the highest number of patents in the year 2017-18. At the same time, the country's capital Delhi was second. Then Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh stood at the third, fourth and fifth position respectively. Talking about the lowest number of patents, there was not a single patent in Bihar this year. There have also been many states where only one or two patents were held. Another important fact in this is the expenditure on research. For the last nearly two decades, only 0.6 to 0.7 per cent of GDP is being spent on research in India, which needs to be increased. It is also a notable fact that not only will the trust of the central government work, but the state governments also have to show interest in this work and this campaign will have to be taken forward.

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