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It is necessary to increase the capacity of skilled warships in water and land

 increase the capacity of skilled warships in water and land

Increase the capacity of skilled warships in water and land

The five largest warships of the Indian Navy are engaged in bringing back stranded Indians abroad and transporting food grains to friendly countries, transporting medical teams there and dispatching medicines. This is strengthening our image of the country providing security in the Indian Ocean region. These five ships - INS Jalashv, Kesari, Magar, Shardul and Airavat - have one thing in common: they are all amphibious (effective in both waters) attack vessels. Such vessels are built so that a large number of soldiers, weapons etc. can be taken to the enemy's coast. These vessels are also suitable for carrying jawans, humanitarian aid and disaster relief. It is better diplomatically and strategically to build a strong amphibious fleet for a regional power like India that represents itself as the watchdog of the Indian Ocean. This fleet guards our 7,500 km long coastline and various islands and also provides disaster relief if needed.

The role of the Navy's humanitarian aid and disaster relief plays an important role in 'Sagar', an initiative related to the development and security of the entire region. Indian help to the countries of this region made the US Navy realize our strength even during the tsunami of 2004. Last year itself, India's small amphibious fleet was appreciated throughout the Indian Ocean region. In March 2019, when the Idai cyclone hit Mozambique, INS Shardul helped by reaching Berea port. Meanwhile, INS Magar reached Mumbai from Kochi and left for Beria with tons of food, medicines and other supplies.

The Ada cyclone affected Madagascar in the wake of the Kovid-19 outing in January. Good thing that INS Airavat was on the way to Seychelles, he was immediately sent to Madagascar. The President there also appreciated it. What effect such a help leaves can be understood by the fact that in May 2017, when 'INS Sumitra was stationed in the Bay of Bengal, there was a' Mora 'storm in Bangladesh. The storm had swept 33 of its fishermen 100 nautical miles from Chittagong. INS Sumitra rescued him. The Bangladeshi media praised India.

india defence power in water

Despite this, the Navy, which has been making strides in aircraft carrier and submarine development, is hesitating to develop humanitarian aid and disaster relief capability. After the establishment of the Royal Indian Navy in 1934, such plans were made but they did not progress. After independence, Nehruvian policy linked amphibious warfare to aggression. The current Navy lacks funds and is therefore out of priority. We bought the first amphibious vessel from Poland in the 1960s. In 1971, there was a huge failure in carrying amphibious ships in Chittagong which covered the curtain of victory. A major amphibious vessel came into service in the 1980s. Landing Ship Tank (Medium) LAC-M was also purchased from Poland. While LST (Large) was made in India. These were flat surface vehicles that could carry tanks and troops to the enemy's coastline. They were successfully used by the Shanti Sena during Operation Pawan (1987–90) in Sri Lanka. But amphibious warfare remained marginal.

india defence power

Things changed after the year 2004-05. The tsunami in the Indian Ocean made the Indian Navy realize its capabilities and shortcomings in the area of ​​disaster relief and humanitarian aid. The new relationship with the US included the idea of ​​a strategic partnership in the Indo-Pacific region and the US sold one such vessel landing platform dock (LPD) to India. It was renamed INS Jalashwa in 2007.

It was not only economical but also brought with it the concept of the US Marine Corps. Under this, the vessel stays within 30-40 km at sea and from there its six helicopters launch attacks. 10-12 personnel are deployed on each helicopter. Since LPD does not have to go in shallow water, its risk is low. Jalashv launches four landing craft mechanized (LCM) from the deep sea itself. Each of these can carry 150 infantrymen or 50 soldiers and an armed vehicle. That is, Jalashwa can take an entire battalion at one go. A 16,600-ton INS Jalashwa-like LPD can save 1,000 people at a time for use in humanitarian aid or disaster. It consists of four operation theaters, a 12-bed ward, a laboratory and a dental unit. It can also be converted into a hospital vessel for hundreds of people. Considering the dual capacity of LPD, the Navy decided in 2008 to build four more LPDs that would be larger than INS Jalashwa. The tender was issued in the same year, but even after 12 years, it is postponed in the hope that a private shipbuilder with a poor record in terms of supply will not achieve success by making a minimum bid and also fail in this supply. . Now Navy is going to issue new tender again where new procurement rules will be applicable.

If this new tender is not considered as a special emergency, then perhaps three new LPDs will be available only at the end of this decade. In such a situation, it is necessary to dispose of this tender at a fast pace. INS Magar and Gharial are also aging. As such, a tender for two new LST (L) should also be issued.

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