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Meaning of becoming a separate division of Ladakh

Division of Ladakh

ladakh division

A major irony of our country is that many policy decisions are kept pending not on the basis of development and democratic needs, but under political needs. The effect of this is that an area is deprived of special development and continues to ignore neglect in comparison to other parts of the country. One such decision was to make Ladakh the third division (division) of Jammu and Kashmir, which has recently been approved by Governor Satyapal Malik. This historic and very important administrative decision means that there are now three divisions in Jammu and Kashmir - Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. All three will be divisional level administrative units. Ladakh division (division) will have Leh and Kargil districts. Till now Ladakh used to be under Kashmir division. Now a separate Divisional Commissioner and Inspector General of Police (IG) will sit here. It has been said in the order of the state administration that for Ladakh, now administrative and revenue divisions will also be separate. The headquarters of Ladakh division will be Leh. With the formation of Ladakh's separate division, local residents are expected to get a share in the development plans on an equal basis. Till now, the local people used to live in Kashmir only in terms of their share in the development plans.

However, many organizations have been demanding that Ladakh be made a separate division for a long time. The Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (Leh and Kargil) has also been among those who raised such a demand, which had also requested the Governor in the past. It is worth mentioning that at present the local administration in Ladakh has been run by the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council (Leh and Kargil), but there were several reasons, due to which the development of Ladakh is stalled. One important reason is that due to heavy snowfall, Ladakh is cut off from the whole country for about 6 months in a year. In these days, it can be reached only by airplane. The Chamber of Commerce and Industries, Jammu also demanded a similar division of the state for the first time in the year 2015. The Chamber had said that in order to give respectable rights to the three parts, it would be better to divide the state into three parts and give all three the right to decide their future and present.

Historical and Geographical View of Laddakh

Historical and Geographical View of Laddakh

 Actually, from a historical and geographical point of view it shows that Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh have always been three separate regions in this state. Ever since the country was liberated, the then politicians declared Jammu and Kashmir a state without knowing the geographical location of the region. One important reason for doing this was that at the time these three areas were under the same king. However, after the state was declared, it was renamed Jammu and Kashmir, in which Ladakh was considered part of Jammu. In ancient texts, there are 10 districts of Jammu division called Duggar Pradesh. Jammu, Samba, Kathua, Udhampur, Doda, Poonch, Rajouri, Reasi, Ramban and Kishtwar. Thus, the total area of   Jammu is 36,315 square kilometers. Pakistan has an area of   about 13,297 square kilometers. He was captured during the war of 1947–1948. Bimber, Kotli, Mirpur, Poonch Haveli, Bagh, Sudhanti, Muzaffarabad, Hattiyan and Haveli districts of Jammu are under the occupation of Pakistan. The area of   Jammu division ends in the mountain range of Pir Panjal, on the other side of which is Kashmir. The area of   Kashmir is about 16,000 square kilometers. There are also 10 districts of Srinagar, Budgam, Kulgam, Pulwama, Anantnag, Kaupwara, Baramulla, Shopian, Ganderbal and Bandipora. There are Sunni, Shia, Bahavi, Ahmadiyya Muslims along with Hindus, most of whom are Gurjars, Rajputs and Brahmins. Apart from these two, Ladakh is actually a high plateau area. The Ladakh region is spread over the Himalayas and Karakoram mountain ranges and the upper valley of the Indus River. Spread over 33,554 sqm, Ladakh is believed to be originally a submerged part of a large lake, which turned into a valley due to geographical changes over many centuries. Ladakh and Baltistan were included in the territory of Jammu and Kashmir in the 18th century, while after partition of India in 1947, Baltistan became part of Pakistan.

Spread over an area of   87 thousand square kilometers, Ladakh has two districts - Kargil and Leh. It is one of the most sparsely populated areas of the state. According to the 2011 census, the population of this area is 2 lakh 84 thousand. Among them, 39 percent are Buddhists, 46 percent Muslims and 12 percent Hindus. Kargil has a high Muslim population. At the same time, most of the population of Leh is Buddhist. Residents around Leh in the eastern part of Ladakh are predominantly Tibetan, Buddhist and Indian Hindus, but the population around Kargil in the west is predominantly Indian Shia Muslims. Many Tibetans settled here during the Chinese occupation of Tibet. In ancient times, Ladakh was a major center of many important trade routes. It was a major hub of business from Central Asia. A branch of the famous trade route Silk Route passed through Ladakh. Obviously, keeping in view the same geographical and other conditions of Ladakh, it has been decided to form a separate division. It is believed that this will make it easier to solve most of the problems of local residents quickly.

Even though Ladakh has been given a separate division status, there has been a new initiative to end the development drought in Leh and Kargil regions, but political parties have started finding their profit and loss in this decision. Political parties of Kashmir say that this is an attempt to reduce the size of Kashmir. With this, the state is being divided on religious grounds. From this, it seems that this decision will also have the effect that the politics of polarization will be faster.

Politician View of Ladakh

 Actually, Ladakh is the largest Lok Sabha constituency in the country. There are 4 assembly seats under this seat. Spread over 1.74 lakh square kilometers, Ladakh is one of the 6 Lok Sabha seats in Jammu and Kashmir. This seat is reserved for Scheduled Tribes. This Lok Sabha constituency on the Line of Control became politically weak and unstable after the Kargil War. In the 2014 elections, BJP's Thupstan Chhewang won the Ladakh Lok Sabha seat for the first time. However, on November 15, 2018, he resigned as MP and BJP. There is also a campaign to persuade Chhawang again in favor of the BJP behind giving separate division status to Ladakh.

In Ladakh, Dha, Hanu, Beema, Darchik and Garkone villages of Leh and Kargil districts have a population of about 4 thousand people, who are considered descendants of Aryo. These people are known as Dard Aryans and claim to be descendants of Alexander's lost army. There is also a claim about them that their civilization is about 5000 years old and the Aryans whose presence in India is said to be the same pain are Aryans. Although some historians associate them with Europe, the language and worship practices of the Aryan group of people are different from those of the Mongolian race of Ladakh from other Indians. As such they worship Lord Shiva and Indra and in their language 50 percent of the words are from Sanskrit. These people eat goat and sheep meat and consume milk.

Agricultural and Nature in Ladakh

Agricultural and Nature in Ladakh

One of the hallmarks of their attachment to Indianness is that they use the solar almanac in their festivals and for agricultural purposes. However, these people say about themselves that their ancestors came from the adjacent Gilgit, which is now located in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. Believed to be a superior species and mostly a six-foot curvy body, blue eyes, fair complexion and long nose (people of Mongolian race living in Ladakh have flat nose) Dard Aryan is now worried about the danger hovering over his species Huh.

Their main concern is with the issues of rapid modernization, migration and conversion, which may bring this tribe to the brink of extinction. Most people of this tribe have converted to Islam or Buddhism in the last few decades after educationally and economically backwardness. This has negatively impacted their traditions. In January this year, a delegation of Dard Aryan tribe met Sudarshan Bhagat, Minister of State for Tribal Affairs, regarding their concerns and handed over a demand letter to them.

They demand that the government take measures to save this tribe. Not only this, most of the development work of the Arya Valley has come to a standstill after the Kargil war. Even today there are only three high schools in the entire Arya Valley. Apart from this, there is a lot of lack of work here due to the complex climate. In such a situation, people of this tribe have no option but to migrate from here for higher education and employment. That is why they are demanding the government to create tribal hostels in Arya Valley and declare Arya Valley as a heritage village so that tourism can be promoted here.

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