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How our country was named "BHARAT" - The Story of Indian History

How India got its Name 

Image By Shoaib Daniyal from Scroll.in

There has been a debate on changing the name of the country, there is a demand for changing India that is India as recorded in the constitution to only India. A petition in this regard was also filed in the Supreme Court, on which the court heard on Wednesday.
The petitioner demanded that India come from the Greek word indica and this name should be removed. The petitioner appealed to the court to direct the Central Government to change the name of the country only by changing Article-1 of the Constitution.
A three-member bench headed by Chief Justice SA Bobde of the Supreme Court dismissed the petition and refused to interfere in the matter. The court said that India is already mentioned in the constitution. It is written in the constitution 'India that is India'.
The Supreme Court said that this petition should be sent to the concerned ministry and the petitioners can place their demands before the government. This is not a new thing. Many countries have changed their names. Let us know how many different names India has been known and what is the story behind them.

Since ancient times, the names of Bharatbhoomi have been different, such as Jambudweep, Bharatkhand, Himvarsha, Ajnabhavarsha, Bharatvarsha, Aryavart, Hind, Hindustan and India.
But India has been the most popular and popular among them.
Most of the assumptions and differences regarding naming are also about India. Like the diversified culture of India, different names are also found in different periods.
Sometimes geography emerges in these names, sometimes ethnic consciousness and sometimes rites.
Geography is emerging in names like Hind, Hindustan, India. The Indus River seems to be prominent in the origin of these names, but Indus is not just a river of a particular area.
Sindhu also means river and ocean. In that form, the north western region of the country was once called Saptasindhu or Punjab, so there is a need to identify a large fertile area with seven or five major streams flowing there.
Similarly, behind the name Bharat, there is an identity of Agnihotra culture (offering fire in the Saptasandhava region).

There have been many people named Bharata in the mythological era. Apart from Dushyantasut, Dasharathaputra Bharata is also famous, who ruled Khadoon.
There has also been Bharatamuni with Natyasastra. There is also a mention of Rajarshi Bharat, in whose name the idiom of the idiom became famous.
There was also a Bharata sage in the court of Magadharaj Indradyumna. A yogi is admitted. In the Padmapuran, Bharata, a vicious Brahmin, is mentioned.
In Aitareya Brahmin also Dushyantputra Bharata is seen standing behind naming India. According to the text, Bharat, a Chakravarti emperor, acquired the land of all four directions and built a huge empire and performed Ashwamedha Yagna, due to which his kingdom got the name Bharatvarsha.
Similarly, it is mentioned in the Matsya Purana that Manu was called Bharata because of the groom who gave birth to the subjects and to maintain them. The section on which he ruled was called Bharatvarsha.

Sources of naming are found in Jain tradition. This country was named Bharatvarsha after the name of Mahayogi Bharata, the eldest son of Lord Rishabhdev. In Sanskrit, one of the meanings of the year is terrain, division, share etc.

Usually behind the name Bharat there is a legend in the Mahabharata's Adiparva. The Gandharva marriage takes place between Maharishi Kanva and Apsara Maneka's daughter Shakuntala and Purvanshi King Dushyant. The son of these two was named Bharata.

Rishi Kanva blessed that Bharat would later become the Chakravarti Emperor and that the name of this land in his name would be famous in India.
This love story of the origin of the name Bharat is popular in the minds of most people. Kalidasa composed an epic named Abhigyanasakuntalam on this incident which came in Adiparva. Originally it is a premeditated and it is believed that this story became popular.

The story of the immortal love of the two lovers became so important that other things about Shakuntala-Dushyantaputra, ie the great Bharata, were not available for the naming of this continent.
History scholars generally believe that Bharatjan was in this country even before Dushyantputra Bharata. Therefore, it is logical that the name of India became popular in the name of a caste-group rather than in the name of a particular person.

Bharatjan was a fire worshiper, Agnihotra and Yagyapriya. In Vaidiki, Bharata / Bharatha means Agni, Lokpal or Vishwarakshak (Monier Williams) and the name of a king.
This king is the same 'Bharat' who used to rule over the edges of Saraswati, Ghaggar. In Sanskrit, the word 'Bhar' means war.
The second is 'group' or 'jan-gana' and the third means 'maintenance.'
Well-known linguist Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma says - "These meanings seem different and conflicting from each other. So if the meaning of war is both war and sustenance, then this word is not its own specialty. The meaning of 'bhar' is Gan That is, Jana was there. Like Gana, it could be used for any person. Also, he was also an indicator of that particular Gana which became known as 'Bharat'.

What does this mean?

In fact, the history of Bharatanas is so ancient and far from in Arya history that 'Bharat', associated with the motives of war, fire, union, was reduced to a mere noun, sometimes 'Dasharathaiya Bharata' is associated. So in the context of the etymology of India, Dushyantputra Bharata is remembered.

But thousands of years ago, the purity and virtue of Agnipriya Bharatans was increased in such a way that the words Bharata and Agni became associated with each other by continuing in the Yajna Karma.
The word Bharata became an adjective for the word agni.
References indicate that Devashrava and Devwat were the two sages of Bharatan i.e. Bharatjan, who invented the technique of fire ignition through manthan.
According to Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma, the Rigvedic poets are conscious of the history tradition of Bharata's relationship with fire.
Agni was called India due to its continuous association with Bharata. In the same way, the speech of poets was called Bharti due to the continuous poetry reading in the yagna.
This poem was on the banks of Saraswati, hence the name was also associated with the speech of poets.

Bharati and Saraswati are mentioned in many Vedic mantras.

The name of Bharata, a famous Vedic era in ancient texts, comes in many contexts. This was a group settling in the river of Saraswati or today's Ghaggar. These were the Yagnapriya Agnihotras.
In the name of these Bharat people, the entire land of that time was named Bharatvarsha. According to the scholars, the head of the Bharata caste was Sudas.
Even before the Vedic era, there were many associations of people living in northwest India. They were called people.
In this way this association of Bharatas was known as Bharata Jan. The rest of the Arya Sangh was also divided into several masses, among these groups were Puru, Yadu, Turvasu, Tritsu, Anu, Druhyu, Gandhar, Vishanin, Pakth, Kekay, Shiva, Alin, Bhalan, Tritsu and Sanjay etc.
In these people, there was a war between Sudas and his Titsu clan with ten people.
The Ganas or people of the ten major castes were fighting against the Tutsu clan of Sudas, among them the Panchajans (considered undivided Punjab) i.e. Baluanas (Bolan Pass area), Alin (Kafiristan), Shiva besides Puru, Yadu, Turvasu, Anu and Druhyu. (Sindh), Pakth (Pashtun), and the Virashini clan.



'India' two and a half thousand years before Mahabharata


This great war is also said to have happened two and a half thousand years before the Mahabharata. It is a simple matter that when the war, whose name is Mahabharata, would have happened?
According to historians, there was a great war between the Kauravas and Pandavas about two and a half thousand years before Christ.
A housewife that turned into a great war is right, but the name of this country is India and why the country got its name in the decisive battle of two families.
The reason for this is that almost all the kingdoms that came within the geographical boundary of India took part in this war, hence it is called Mahabharata.
The Dashragyn war is also said to have happened two and a half thousand years ago. That means seven and a half thousand years ago.
In this, the people of Tritsu caste won unprecedented victory over the union of ten states. Tritsu people were called the Union of Indians. Before this war, this area was famous by many names.
After this victory, the dominance of Bharata people increased in the then Aryavarta and the federation of the then Janapadas was named Bharat i.e. Bharata.

Indo-Iran Culture

It is clear that the mention of Shakuntalaputra Mahaprati Bharata mentioned in the Mahabharata is an interesting affair.
Now let's talk about Hindustan. Iranian-Hindustani were old relatives. Iran was the first Persian. Aryanam, Arya or Aryan before that. These names are mentioned in Avesta.
It is believed that the union of Aryans who were beyond the Hindukush is called Iran and their union in the east is called Aryavarta. These two groups were great. Were impressive.
In fact, the Iranians themselves had extended India's name to the far west.
The Hindush word inscribed on the Behistun inscription on the Kurdish border testifies to this.
The Persians also learned Arabic, but in their own way.
At one time, there was such a spate of agnostic zoroastrians, there is no way of the emergence of Islam. These things are from centuries before Islam and four centuries before Christianity.
In Sanskrit-Avesta there is a relation of umbilical cord. If there was a yagna on this side of Hindukush-Bamiyan, then there was sacrifice on that side. Similar disinterested titles like Aryaman, Atharvan, Home, Mon, Havan were here and there too.
The scope of Persian, Persian, Persian acquiring did not remain here, even in the realm of Islam, this harmony of eternalism is seen.


Hindu, Hindu, Hindu


The word Hindush was in the Akkadi civilization even two thousand years before Christ. Akkad, Sumer, Egypt were all India's relations. This is a matter of the Harappan era.
Sindh was synonymous with not just river, ocean, stream and water. The famous 'Saptasindh', 'Saptasindhu' area of ​​seven rivers of Sindh was called 'Haftahindu' in ancient Persian.
Does this 'Hindu' have any other meaning?
Obviously, many nouns like Hindu, Hindu, Hindu, Hindu are very ancient.
Indus is the Greek equivalent of this Hindu. It is a matter of centuries before Islam.
In Greek, the use of the words Indus for India or Indus for India is actually proof that Hind is a very ancient word and is the identity of India. The 'place' of Sanskrit becomes 'sthan' in Persian.
In this way Hindustan became associated with Hind. Meaning where Hindi people live. Hindus live.
In Indo-European languages, the translation of 'H' becomes 'A'. 'S' does not have 'A'.
Hindus had contact with Mesopotamian cultures. Hindu is actually the result of Greek Indus, Arab, Akkad, Persian relations.
We are 'Indians'
Megasthenes used 'Indica'. He also stayed in Pataliputra for a long time but before reaching there, he passed through the areas of Bakhtra, Bakhtri (Bactria), Gandhar, Taxila (Taxla).

Words like Hindu, Hindu, Hindu were prevalent here.
He took their forms like Indus, India according to Greek lore. This was three centuries before Christ and 10 centuries before Mohammad.
As far as Jambudweep is concerned, it is the oldest name. Today's India, Aryavarta, bigger than India.
But all these details also demand a lot of detail and intensive research is going on on them.
Jamun fruit is called 'Jambu' in Sanskrit. There are several mentions that on this central land, that is, in present-day India, there was a multiplicity of berries. For this reason, it was called Jambu Island.
In any case, our consciousness is not with Jambudweep, but with the name Bharat. The story of India is carved in all the layers of the noun 'Bharata'.

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